'''Isak R. Shaikh''' is an inventor - an Indian chemist specializing in [[catalysis]] and [[chemistry]] of materials. He is also philosopher, institution developer, philanthropist, human rights activist, health and safety manager, poet / writer, a proud ambassador of SMET or [[STEM]] for [[Sustainable Development]] with a "planet-care attitude." We was the first to append or add [[sustainability]] term to STEM (creating STEMS abbreviation) and initiating "STEM for Sustainability and Sustainable Development" awareness in India. Previously he had worked as a STEM ambassador for a short period during his stay in United Kingdom. He had also served as an honorary secretary on the Alchemists club of [[University of Glasgow]] and also elected as secretary to the West of Scotland chapter of RSC during the year 2009-10. In India, he is a [[Convenor]] of the unique conference series, namely Indian/International Conference on Science, Technology, Engineering, Mathematics and Sustainability (abbreviated as, IC-STEMS). He is known for his research works on developing chemistry as one of the essential components in offering feasible pathway towards sustainability or sustainable development by reducing pollution and inventing environmentally benign chemical products and processes. He made a personal career contribution to his manifold missions in leading-edge research, graduate education, teaching, [[active citizenship]] and social transformation. His persecution in India mainly stemmed from raising voice against the echelon and authorities for their "breach of trust of position." The most remarkable as well as unfortunate fact from his career is that he was constantly harassed due to freedom of expression. He is well known for his pioneering stand on academic integrity, human rights and intellectual property rights of the scholars. He was offered the Ph.D. (Honoris Causa) from Newport University, Latvia. Among several prestigious awards and fellowship he received include:

(1). The nominated award namely BHARAT VIBHUTI AWARD / भारत विभूति (Excellence in Marvellous Education System and Services) at the Glorious Organization for Accelerated to Literacy, New Delhi, India (which Isak denied to receive the same by attending the award ceremony as he received a donation demand from the awarding organization). Isak acknowledged for the nominated award over phone only.

(2). [[Erasmus Mundus]] fellowship for studying the AtoSiM Master (in Modeling of Physical, Chemical and Biomolecular Systems) in [[University of Amsterdam]] and [[École normale supérieure de Lyon]].

(3). JungSeok International Fellowship for studying Ph.D. in [[Inha University]].

(4). BK21 programme, South Korea.

(5). Research Grant by Ministry of Commerce, Industry and Energy, Government of Republic of Korea. National Treasury, Grant Number: 33238.

(5). Prof. N. C. Chakravorty Memorial Award (in Bachelor studies)

He was an executive editor of the Proceedings of the Indian Conference on Science, Technology, Engineering, Mathematics and Sustainability (PIC-STEMS)' from 2014-2017. He is a referee of some of the known research journals including Journal of Catalysts, Scanning, Journal of Chemistry, ACS Sustainable Chemistry and Engineering, etc.

For couple of times at different institutions, his Ph.D. thesis was not allowed to submit for an award of [[Doctor of Philosophy]] in chemistry and was subjected to discriminatory and unfair treatment lacking integrity in research projects. Isak Shaikh is also known for his fight for intellectual property and human rights in academia and research. Most of his research works includint that on the carburization of iron-based Fischer-Tropsch catalysts, the applications of nanoporous nickel phosphates (VSB-1 and VSB-5), etc. are not available for publishing. Even under such unsavory incidents, he had actively engaged in communicating science to the non-expert audience and tried to keep amicable relationship in the small-scientific-community. He ensured life-long learning, teaching and research through philosophical-transactions as the core values of his continuing programme of development and philanthrophy. He is also a qualifed teacher for the pupils learning English as a second language; he is a qualified chemistry faculty in life-long learning sector; he earned an award in Preparing to Teach in Lifelong Learning Sector. Apart from these qualifications, he is a qualified Health & Safety manager and also a trainee patent attorney. He led various initiatives and established the "Razak Institution of Skills, Education & Research (RISER)," "Consortium of Higher Education, Research and Entrepreneurial Sustainable Development" and he is a founder member of the [[Viññāṇa Institution of Learning, Research and Philanthropy]]. His recent work aim to bring a "planet care and planet loving (including futurist or constructive geoengineering)" attitude to world attention.

==Birth and Education==

Isak Shaikh (aka Shaykhzada Isak) is the eldest son of Mr. Rajjak M. Shaikh. He did his early schooling in Chondi and Nanded and completed matriculation with distinction from reputed Pratibha Niketan High School, Kailasnagar, Nanded. As a bright young student, Isak completed his 10+2 and B.Sc. (Chemistry, Zoology and Dairy Science) with first class. He studied his [[Master of Science]] in chemistry from the Netaji Subhashchandra College and received his master from [[ Swami Ramanand Teerth Marathwada University]] with only a higher second class performance. He went on to do a contractual lectureship to undergraduate courses of B.Sc. in a newly established college affiliated to [[ Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar Marathwada University]], Aurangabad, Maharashtra. But then he was intrigued by the invisible matter and material. In those days in India, books and chapters on nanoscience were not available in curriculum. His insatiable hunger for knowledge made him to quit this job only to find a non-paid guest-research worker post in the [[National Chemical Laboratory]] at Pune – one of the prestigious research laboratories in India. He secured some project assistantships and developed his experimental skills. This was really the formative phase of his research career. And, it was also the first time that he had stayed away from home. After working on a couple of research projects there, he chose to resign from really a long-term [[Department of Biotechnology]] sponsored research project in the National Chemical Laboratory to accept only four months’ (April - July 2004) research assistantship at the reputed [[National Tsing Hua University]], Taiwan. It was then the first time when he left India. He was home-sick; his initial days were filled with loneliness and he used to weep in solitude. He could not cope up with the work-pressure and could not do well at one of the prestigious Ph.D fellowship examinations in Taiwan. He completed his four month tenure and returned India because there was no new project to continue with. His colleagues and friends at NCL were not happy with this situation and considered his return as a failure. Some friends even advised him to take a career-break before decide upon what to do next as a career in research, especially in chemistry, demands hard-work and they though Isak Shaikh was not ready for that. He did not try to convince his friends or critics his situation and the technical difficulty with joining another placement. But then the criticism soon faded away as it was his hard work that had earned him his work with others earned him his first ever research publication and that to in one of the most prestigious [[Journal of the American Chemical Society]], aka J.Am.Chem.Soc. or JACS. He received the Taiwanese chemistry professor's praise and was even offered another position in his group which Isak politely declined to accept. He spent some time in one of the research laboratory at his hometown till 2005 when he found a full-time Ph.D. admission in [[Inha University]], South Korea on the topic related to nanocatalysis. It was in 2007 when Isak Shaikh came into limelight for the first time due to non-academic behavior of laboratory colleagues and supervisor professor.


Isak Shaikh began his research training at the [[National Chemical Laboratory]] at Pune, India where he was introduced to synthesis and characterisation of biodegradable Poly-L-Lactic Acid polymers working with Baijayanthimala Garnaik - a senior scientist in the group of [[Dr. S. Sivaram]] then Director of the NCL. In 2004, he moved to the [[National Tsing Hua University]] in Hsinchu, Taiwan R.O.C., where he worked as a research assistant with Prof. Rai-Shung Liu. His return from Taiwan after the successful completion of short-term research assistantship was mainly due to the work-pressure he came across in Hsinchu and also due to failure at the examinations for one of the Taiwan's prestigious research fellowship for Ph.D. Some of his friends in Pune considered Isak Shaikh a failure or the one who was fired but Isak was happy coming back home. The failure-taboo soon faded away as his hard work at NTHU paid off and his work with others gave Isak his first ever scientific publication and that to in the reputed J.Am.Chem.Soc. (Impact Factor 12).<ref>[Reniguntala J. Madhushaw, Ching-Yu Lo, Chun-Wei Hwang, Ming-Der Su, Hung-Chin Shen, Sitaram Pal, Isak R. Shaikh, and Rai-Shung Liu* (2004) Rutheniun Catalyzed Cycloisomerization of o-(Ethynyl)phenyl Alkene to Diene Derivatives via Skeletal Rearrangement. Journal of the American Chemical Society (JACS), (ISSN 0002-7863). 2004 (126) 47, 15560-15565.(* Citation: ChemInform 2005Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA)]</ref> Prof. R-S Liu again wanted to invite Isak Shaikh to his laboratory but then Isak politely declined as he required some career-break and also the thinking time in choosing career path. In February 2005, he was admitted to a Ph.D. programme at the Faculty of Natural Sciences in [[Inha University]], and acquired skills in the field of nanocatalysis. He published three papers in Scientific Citation Indexed journals.<ref>[David Raju Burri, Isak Rajjak Shaikh, Kwang-Min Choi and Sang-Eon Park* (2007) Facile heterogenization of homogeneous ferrocene catalyst on SBA-15 and its hydroxylation activity Catalysis Communications, (ISSN: 1566-7367). Volume 8, Issue 4, April 2007, Pages 731-735]</ref> <ref>[David Raju Burri, Isak Rajjak Shaikh, Sang-Cheol Han and Sang-Eon Park* (2007) Facile heterogenization of homogeneous ferrocene catalyst on SBA-16 Studies in Surface Science and Catalysis, (ISSN: 01672991). Volume 165, 2007, Pages 647-650]</ref> <ref>[Isak Rajjak Shaikh and Sang-Eon Park* (2007) Microwave Synthesis and Catalytic Applications of Novel Cobalt Incorporated Nickel Phosphate Solid State Phenomena Vol. 119, (2007) pp. 279-282 ISBN: 3-908451-27-2 Year 2007. Online on]</ref> His research stay of two and half years was ended on a unfortunate note disallowing him to write a thesis even upon successfully passing four out of five qualifying examinations and all the course works with good academic standing. His salary in part was not given to him and one of his research was not sent for its publication in time while a former colleague of his supervisor published the same results in [[Journal of Catalysis]]. In Lyon (France) and Amsterdam (the Netherlands) he was a master student for his very specialised AtoSiM master under the one year [[Erasmus Mundus]] fellowship of the European Union. He was later recruited on a FTE-Research Staff position at the [[University of Glasgow]] sponsored by the Lucite International UK Ltd. He simultaneously took admissions into two different academic programmes while doing this full-time employment. Illegal redundancy caused termination of the methyl methacrylate project and his work during the initial one-year phase formed the mini-thesis written without the intellectual viewpoints of the main supervisor/the principal investigator, the second supervisor, both at [[University of Glasgow]] and the mentor based at the [[University of Oxford]]. The mini-thesis was not given advice on corrections or rejection but put in embargo by falsely accusing Isak Shaikh with plagiarism (but this autocratic university authority made Isak discontinue the research in conflict) and instead he completed important modules from the IPSEC master course (in Science Education and Communication) from [[University of Glasgow]].<ref>[Isak Rajjak Shaikh* (2012) Scientific Literacy in Public: Another Look at Science Education and Communication and its Relationship to Society. The Online Educational Research Journal (ISSN 2044-0294). (Manuscript submitted and published anonymously on December 14, 2011; Accepted after peer-review and published on web in onymous form – i.e., with the name of the author shown on March 26. 2012)]</ref> <ref>[Graham Lough, Daniel Morrison, Wiktor Gajewski and Isak Rajjak Shaikh* (2015), Communicating Science of Healthy Eating in Scotland: Rising Awareness and Engaging the Dialogues, PIC-STEMS (Proceedings of the Indian Conference on Science, Technology, Engineering, Mathematics & Sustainability), ISBN: 978-81-931126-4-9, Vol. 1, 2015, pages 112-122]</ref> He fought for the right and he brought to the notice of the UK Border Force, how his employment offer which Isak used to get UK visa to enter UK was changed upon his arrival in Glasgow. He was not found guilty of any academic offences. He is still waiting for a justice on his grievances there. The Royal Society of Chemistry (RSC) admitted Isak Shaikh as a full member (designated letters: MRSC). Upon his return, in 2010 he studied patents laws in India and undertook patent attorney training in blended mode (classroom+correspondence) from the Nair's IPAI, New Delhi. His return to Pune was again assumed by his colleagues as a failure on his part, as it was upon his return after short-term employment from Taiwan. Less bothered by such gossiping, Isak embarked on a research without any job or any formal admission to a M.Phil. or Ph.D. programme. He was helped by Prof. Alamgir A. Shaikh for finding a research project at the [[Poona College]] of Arts, Science and Commerce in camp area, Pune. The professor gave Isak Shaikh the much needed freedom to think and research independently. He published some research articles and filed couple of patents from India.<ref>[Patent application: Isak Rajjak Shaikh* (2014), Method of Preparing Microporous Aluminosilicate ZSM-5 Zeolite from……Agricultural Waste Stream and …Industrial Waste and Some Applications of This Zeolite as Heterogeneous Catalyst in .... Organic Transformations. CBR No. 4713; Ordinary Indian Patent Application Number: 1104/MUM/2014]</ref> <ref>[Patent application: Isak Rajjak Shaikh* (2015-2016), Catalyzed Synthesize ... from A Syngas Feedstock Process, CBR No. 4726; Ordinary Indian Patent Application Number: 11049/MUM/2015.]</ref> <ref>[Patent application: Isak Rajjak Shaikh * (2014-2015) Microporous Aluminosilicate ZSM-5 Zeolite from……Agricultural Waste Stream and …Industrial Waste and Some Applications of This Zeolite as Heterogeneous Catalyst in…Transformations, CBR No. 4726.]</ref> Isak - as an independent affiliate - contested an election for registered graduates to the Senate of Swami Ramanand Teerth Marathwada University but the local political outfit of the [[Indian National Congress]] used bogus voters to influence mandate. During the period of his unemployment and unpaid research programme at Rajasthan and Pune, in 2012, he - as a founding member and president got the Razak Institution of Skills, Education and Research (RISER) registered as a not-for-profit (NGO) society and trust with the Assistant Charity Commissioner, Government of Maharashtra (India). His Ph.D. (Chemistry) thesis submitted to JJT (private) University was not examined by parochial and extremist higher education institution and this suspended the research career of this scholar after thesis submission. A vigorous campaign in Indian academic circle and also on CHANGE dot org made a case for Isak Shaikh. This awareness about the bad effects of privatization of education in India is still a matter of debate. One public university namely, [[Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar Marathwada University]] even convened a committee comprising of panel of academicians and experts to bring to the notice of the Government the non-academic behavior of JJT University. <ref>[Bamu panel identifies 26 fake universities across the country]</ref> The JJT University is conducted by the [[Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh]] pracharak (coordinator) which acts in malafide with muslims and RSS have the agenda of making [[Republic of India]], what they conceive, a Hindu Rashtra (Nation for Hindus). Harassing scholars is rapidly becoming a common incidents in some universities. <ref></ref> <ref></ref> <ref></ref>   <ref></ref> Isak Shaikh was retained as a researcher (after Ph.D. thesis submission) at the [[Poona College]] in [[Pune]], Maharashtra. Presently, he is an independent researcher at the School of Chemical Sciences [[Swami Ramanand Teerth Marathwada University]] Nanded, India.


Isak's main research field is chemistry, materials science, catalysis, multidisciplinary STEM, specifically the development of innovative cost-effective and eco-efficient methods for the development of chemical processes and products.

===Solid-state NMR and Computation for Understanding Dynamics in Solids===

In 2008, Isak's AtoSiM master thesis <ref>[Isak Rajjak Shaikh* Understanding Temperature Dependent Hydrogen Bonding in Solids from NMR Chemical Shifts: Experimental and Periodic DFT Approaches, ISBN: 978-93-83520-43-5, 120 page, European Master Thesis (Supervisor: Lyndon Emsley), Isak R. Shaikh had submitted this thesis to the ENS de Lyon (France) in year 2008; Published master thesis in book form in 2014, Publisher: International Science Congress Association]</ref> under the guidance of Robin Stein and [[Lyndon Emsley]] presented an account of 1H NMR experiments and chemical shift (CS) calculations for some small bioactive organic molecules using Solid-state Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (SS NMR) spectroscopy experiments and CASTEP a periodic Density-Functional Theory (DFT) code. The research project was initially motivated by the finding that while CASTEP generally reproduces 1H chemical shifts well, it explains hydrogen bonding poorly. The discrepancy was here explained as a measure of temperature dependence of chemical shifts, since agreement is improved when calculation effectively performed at 0 K, are compared with experimental results extrapolated to 0 K. Variable temperature studies are a tool to study the nature and behavior of hydrogen bonding, and so could be useful to study the crystal lattice i.e. to understand the link between the molecule and the crystal from the intermolecular spaces and the interactions therein. The calculations may also be used to assign organic molecules at natural abundance to crystal structures. Here we examine the effect of temperature on proton chemical shifts in ibuprofen, flurbiprofen, indomethacin, paracetamol and salicylic acid and show that often hydrogen bonded 1H- chemical shifts are the most strongly affected by temperature. This is explained in terms of known relations between chemical shifts and hydrogen bond strength. We also note that the application of computational approach leads to an estimate of an elongated O-H…O (through space) bond distance and a reduced O…H…O bond angle compared without using X-ray diffraction. The geometry obtained using CASTEP provides 1H positions whose chemical shifts are in better agreement with experiment than the chemical shifts of protons in positions determined by X-ray diffraction studies.The CASTEP calculated proton chemical shifts are found to be in substantial agreement with the experimentally measured chemical shifts. Due to the effect of temperature, when the hydrogen will not necessarily be on the O-O line, a little bond angle variance is observed because crystal lattice vibrations place protons in new positions.

The difference between the theoretical and observed chemical shifts for hydrogen bonding protons is attributed to thermal motions of protons in the hydrogen bonds. The results also show that the experimental CS can be extrapolated to 0 K in order to compare them to the calculated CS at 0 K.

The underlying goal of this project is achieved by CASTEP calculations to show that the temperature dependence of hydrogen bonding is an important factor that explains the evolution of proton chemical shifts.

===Motivation for Understanding the Temperature Dependence of Hydrogen Bonding in Crystals===

The development of structural characterization methods for crystals is an area of immense research interest in chemistry. The establishment of links

between structural information and Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) spectroscopy observables such as Chemical Shift (CS) is an important issue

which has always concerned the solid-state NMR community. The NMR CS depends on molecular structure and also on other factors that affect those

structural features. These important studies on structures answer the basic questions regarding bonding within the molecular crystal, and can explain the inter- and intra-molecular interactions that provide insight into the chemistry and properties (conformation, strength and directionality) of the crystalline component.

The proton is potentially an attractive nucleus for probing the molecular structures. It is pertinent considering hydrogen bond and methyl group

dynamics, and any other examples one may have come across. One such example is the rationalization and understanding of hydrogen bonding

patterns and motifs involved in some molecular organic crystals. Although the 1H nucleus has a very high natural abundance and intrinsic

sensitivity, its utility in the solid state is limited by the strong homogeneous dipolar couplings which lead to spectral braodening whenever networks of protons are present. Consequently, special technique such as fast Magic-Angle Spinning (MAS) must be applied to obtain high resolution spectra. Increased resolution is also obtained by incorporating homo- and heteronuclear dipolar pulse sequences. I present you studies on temperature dependence of the 1H chemical shifts in molecular organic crystals using combination of solid-state NMR spectroscopy and CASTEP – a Density Functional Theory (DFT) code.

A series of CASTEP calculations of the X-ray (and or neutron diffraction) crystal structures were performed for some small organic bioactive molecules. The computations are carried out for essentially static atomic positions and therefore do not take account of intrinsic vibrations and molecular-level mobilities, if any. In this methodology, the experimental NMR chemical shifts were obtained at various temperatures and these values were further extrapolated to 0 K. The CASTEP, a first principles method, was used to compute the 1H chemical shifts at 0 K from the static structure. The proton NMR chemical shift of the hydrogen-bonded proton tends to decrease with increase in temperature. This change is more noticeable than that for the other hydrogens. These studies are aimed at explaining the factor responsible for the discrepancy between the experimental and calculated 1H chemical shifts. I observe that it is not the local electronic environment of a crystal that changes with temperature; but it is crystal structure or unit cell paramters and molecular dynamics that are sensitive to temperature which induce electronic changes in the crystal and (that) make the chemical shift temperature dependent. This approach also tries to validate crystal structures obtained from the diffraction studies. The difference between the experimental and computed 1H CS is attributed to thermal motions in the H-bonds.

===Materials Synthesis and Characterisation===

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===Environmentally Benign Catalysis using Nanoporous Materials===

The fine chemical synthesis or various synthetic methodologies for organic transformations have been achieved in industry through heterogeneous catalysis. [[Heterogeneous catalysis]] takes place between different phases. Generally, heterogeneous catalysts are in solid state and the reactants are gases or liquids. The immobilized catalysts obtained by attaching homogeneous catalysts to solid are also categorized under heterogeneous catalysts. In such supported catalysts, the catalytically active site or moiety is applied to an inorganic material that has a large surface area and is usually porous. Solid heterogeneous catalysts have a significant impact on greening chemistry and related technologies. In Isak's recent Ph.D. thesis work, microporous ZSM-5, Mordenite and mesoporous MCM-41, SBA-15, SBA-16, etc. materials were synthesized, modified, characterized and applied as heterogeneous catalysts for greening various industrially important (synthetic) chemical processes.

Considering the fact that heterogenous organocatalysis<ref>[Isak Rajjak Shaikh* (2013), Organocatalysis: Key Trends in Green Synthetic Chemistry, Challenges, Scope Towards Heterogenization and Importance from Research and Industrial Point of View, ISBN: 978-93-83520-14- 5, International E-Publication, International Science Congress Association, India.]</ref> <ref>[Isak Rajjak Shaikh* (2014), Organocatalysis: Key Trends in Green Synthetic Chemistry, Challenges, Scope Towards Heterogenization and Importance from Research and Industrial Point of View, Journal of Catalysts (Review; Article ID 402860)]</ref> is not a mature field of research, the research works of Isak sought for an important breakthrough derived through immobilization of an ionic ionic, bearing bis{(trifluoromethyl)sulfonyl}imide i.e. NTf2 - anion (Hünig base), on mesoporous SBA-16 and its use as heterogeneous catalyst in solvent-free [[Knoevenagel condensation]] reaction at room temperature.<ref>[Isak Rajjak Shaikh* and Alamgir A. Shaikh, (2013), Heterogenization of Ionic Liquid Containing Hunig Base on Mesoporous SBA-16 and Its Use As Catalyst in Knovenagel Condensation, Environment Observer (ISSN 2322-5997) released a special issue as Proceedings of the National Conference on National Conference on Frontiers of Physical, Chemical and Biological Sciences (FPCBS) on October 04, 2013 published this research paper, 13, pages 35-36.]</ref> <ref>[Isak Rajjak Shaikh,* (2013), Heterogenization of a Basic Ionic Liquid Bearing NTf2- Anion on Mesoporous SBA-16 and Its Use As Catalyst In Knoevenagel Reaction, Electronic version of the souvenir was released on October 07, 2013. A peer-reviewed Proceedings of the National Conference on Drug Designing and Discovery, (ISBN 978-93-5126-349-4) souvenir pages 81-85.]</ref>

Isak's yet another research project on selective [[carbonylation]] of methanol to [[acetic acid]] demonstrated the testing of copper incorporated mordenite catalysts for the [[synthesis gas]] (or syngas = CO + H2) to acetic acid process on glass reactor at atmospheric pressure conditions using gas chromatography as the analytic tool. The main purpose of the research was to understand methanol carbonylation and envisage selectivity to acetic acid.

Present research might find modified mordenite for the carbonylation of methanol minimizing hydrocarbon gasoline products by ensuring a high yield and

selectivity of acetyls. This had exemplified an interdisciplinary approach employing knowledge from chemistry and chemical engineering to develop new process by researching in the area of heterogeneous catalysis through a combination of bench scale laboratory work ranging through to pilot plant. Isak Shaikh had filed couple of patents owing to the inventive steps and potential for commercialization of the research. Some businessmen from [[Gujarat]] and the [[Government of India]] wanted to help a Brit petroleum company set-up acetic acid plant in Gujarat. So, they along with Hindu terrorists are troubling Isak Shaikh and not allowing his Ph.D. thesis gets examined and not allowing him to get Ph.D. degree awarded since July 2014.

Mesoporous siliceous MCM-41 materials have been reported to have applications in catalysis as well as in photodegradation reactions. The various schemes of work in Isak's Ph.D. thesis addressed the synthesis, characterization and catalytic testing of MCM-41, titanium incorporated MCM-41,

ZSM-5, H form of ZSM-5 for their respective applications in useful chemical methodologies or process technologies. Out of the aforementioned nanoporous materials ZSM-5 and MCM-41 were synthesized by utilizing wheat husk ash as the source of silica.<ref>[Isak Rajjak Shaikh*, Parveen R. Shaikh, Rafique A. Shaikh, and Alamgir A. Shaikh (2013). Investigation on Eutrophication of Taroda Nala at Nanded (India) through Physico-Chemical Analyses and Composition of Planktonic Community within the Aquatic Ecosystem, International Research Journal of Environmental Science, (ISSN: 2319-1414), 2(6), p. 39-48.]</ref> <ref>[Isak Rajjak Shaikh* and Alamgir A. Shaikh, (2013), Utilization of Wheat Husk Ash as Silica Source for the Synthesis of MCM-41 Type Mesoporous Silicates: A Sustainable Approach towards Valorization of the Agricultural Waste Stream, Research Journal of Chemical Sciences, (ISSN 2231-606X), 3(11), 66-72]</ref> <ref>[Isak Rajjak Shaikh* and Alamgir A. Shaikh, (2013), Use of Wheat Husk Ash for the Syntheses of Mesoporous Silica MCM-41 and Ti-MCM-41 and Study on the Catalytic Performance.......Using Aqueous Hydrogen Peroxide, Oral presentation abstract published in the Proceedings of the International Congress on Environmental Research, (ISBN: 978-81-909379-6-2; PIN: 909379; Category No: 5). Please note: A full research paper is published in PIC-STEMS 2015]</ref> <ref>[Isak Rajjak Shaikh,* Rafique A. Shaikh, Alamgir A. Shaikh, Javed A. War, Ahmad L. Shaikh, Shankar P. Hangirgekar, Parveen Rajjak Shaikh and Rafik Rajjak Shaikh (2015) H-ZSM-5 Zeolite Synthesis by Sourcing Silica from the Wheat Husk Ash: Characterization and Application as A Versatile Heterogeneous Catalyst in Organic Transformations including Some Multicomponent Reactions, Journal of Catalysts, Volume 2015 (2015), Article ID 805714, 14 pages.]</ref>

===Utilization of Agricultual Waste Stream===

Isak contributed in utilizing wheat husk ash for preparation of some functional materials, well ordered porous materials include MCM-4, ZSM-5, some other phases, etc. He emphasizes a need to achieve various - actually twelve principles of [[green chemistry]] and Isak proposed that the concept of elemental sustainability should also be added as the thirteenth principle (to such chemistry) by which one may conserve the rare metals and or their supply by way of encouraging the careful resource utilization and recycling. Utilization of a single metal atom as functional entity or catalyst instead of its nanoparticles or bulk usage could also save precious elements or rare chemical matter.

===Science and Social Responsibility===

Isak's investigations on [[eutrophication]] of Taroda nala (an aquatic body) due to excessive feeding of phosphate and other nutrients or chemical supply and thus raised concerns over the Government's long-standing but to-be-scrapped Purna Irrigation Project in areas of Nanded district. This studied chemical and physical quality parameters of water and the composition of phytoplankton and zooplankton community as related to eutrophication or related chemical processes and their consequences in aquatic ecosystem of the study area.<ref>[Isak Rajjak Shaikh*, Parveen R. Shaikh, Rafique A. Shaikh, and Alamgir A. Shaikh (2013). Investigation on Eutrophication of Taroda Nala at Nanded (India) through Physico-Chemical Analyses and Composition of Planktonic Community within the Aquatic Ecosystem, International Research Journal of Environmental Science, (ISSN: 2319-1414), 2(6), p. 39-48.]</ref>

Isak has undertaken many important projects for seeking awareness or solution to the local environmental issues. <ref>[Isak Rajjak Shaikh*, Parveen R. Shaikh, Alamgir A. Shaikh, and Rafique A. Shaikh (2013), Phytotoxic effects of heavy metals (Cr, Cd, Mn and Zn) on wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) seed germination and seedlings growth in black cotton soil of Nanded, India. Research Journal of Chemical Sciences (e-ISSN 2231-606X; p-ISSN 2250-9261), 3(6), 14-23] </ref>

<ref>[Parveen Rajjak Shaikh,* Isak Rajjak Shaikh* and A. B. Bhosle (2017) WATER QUALITY AND SEDIMENTARY ANALYSES.............SUITABILITY (Accepted manuscript; in the press of Iranian Chemical Communications)]</ref>

<ref>[Parveen Rajjak Shaikh,* Isak Rajjak Shaikh and A. B. Bhosle (2017) ASSESSMENT OF THE IRRIGATION WATER QUALITY OF SIDDHESHWAR DAM IN HINGOLI DISTRICT, MAHARASHTRA, INDIA. Proceedings of International Conference on Technological Advances in Climate-Smart Agriculture and Sustainability (Peer reviewed publication with ISBN: 978-93-86256-35-5. Editors: M.L.Waikar, B.M.Patre, R.D. Kaplay, R.P. Borkar, T. Lakhankar, S.K.G. Krishnamacharyulu) Excel India Publishers, New Delhi, India. [An oral presentation by Dr. Ms. Parveen R. Shaikh]. International Conference on TACSAS, dates 16 - 17 Jan 2017 at Nanded (India). Organizers: [i] SGGS Institute of Engineering and Technology, Nanded, India [ii] School of Earth Sciences, SRTM University, Nanded, India [iii] CUNY-CREST Institute, New York, USA [iv] Institute for Global Agriculture and Technology Transfer (IGATT), Colorado, USA [v] Crave InfoTech, New Jersey, USA]</ref> Isak Shaikh advocates STEM for Sustainability of Sustainable Development. And he engages with members of the public and works towards society in making all super aware of the climate change and the importance of conservation of ecology, environment and the planet.<ref>[Isak Rajjak Shaikh* (2015), Delivering Impact through STEMS: The Imperative, PIC-STEMS (Proceedings of the Indian Conference on Science, Technology, Engineering, Mathematics & Sustainability), ISBN: 978-81-931126-4-9, Vol. 1, 2015, pages 12-26. Please note: This is the Position Paper written by the author as an executive editor and convener of the second Indian National Conference on Science, Technology, Engineering, Mathematics & Sustainability (IC-STEMS) held over 04 - 05 October 2015 at Pune, India. ]</ref> <ref>[ Isak Rajjak Shaikh* (2016), Geoengineering - The Planet Salvage Operation?, PIC-STEMS (Proceedings of the Indian Conference on Science, Technology, Engineering, Mathematics & Sustainability), ISBN: 978-81-931126-9-4, Vol. 1, 2015, pages 12-26. Please note: This is the Position Paper written by the author as an executive editor and convener of the third Indian National Conference on Science, Technology, Engineering, Mathematics & Sustainability (IC-STEMS) held over 12 - 13 March 2016 at Nanded, India. ]</ref>

===Nomination for the Sir John Maddox Prize UKt===

The John Maddox Prize recognises the work of individuals who promote sound science and evidence on a matter of public interest, facing difficulty or hostility in doing so. Mr Isak Rajjak Shaikh is a graduate of several years’ standing and importantly to recognize his achievements of intellectual rigor, philanthropic philosophy and scientific temper comparable to an earned doctorate (degree).

What is noteworthy in the case of this scholar is that he has had tragic experiences during his Ph.D. programme and research at universities. Mr. Isak Shaikh is being constantly denied his Ph.D. and is subjected to unfair treatment, victimization and harassment, mainly for exercising his freedom of speech and struggle for the right. The National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) of Republic of Korea and some world organizations had found substance in the matters and taken careful note of such discriminatory and malicious activities at the higher education institutions.

Despite encountering unfair and discriminatory treatment lacking integrity in research projects, he has attained the appropriate level of scholarship by ensuring life-long learning, teaching and research through philosophical transactions as the core values of his continuing programme of development and philanthropy. He is also known for his fight for intellectual property and human rights in academia and research institutes.

I am intrigued by the wide breadth of knowledge Mr Isak Shaikh has. It is therefore with great pride that I am nominating him for this prize and sending you appended herewith his brief presentation. Basically he is a researcher in chemistry. Most of the diplomas, degrees and post-graduation he achieved so-far are competitive and have great demand. His varied study programs and coursework have expanded his knowledge of chemistry and enriched his skill-sets in scientific research and entrepreneurial sustainable development. He has established a track record of being a critical-thinker and diligent experimentalist. His current research is focused on developing the science of chemistry as one of the essential components in offering feasible pathway towards sustainability or sustainable development by reducing pollution and inventing environmentally friendly chemical products and processes. Because of his contributions and excellent standards from the past years, he had been offered some reputed international fellowships or scholarships (including an honorary doctorate from a new university in Latvia). He had started his research career in a small town and further served various research laboratories in India, Taiwan, South Korea, France and the United Kingdom of Great Britain. To the best of my knowledge, he has around 25 published research articles in reputed peer-reviewed journals to his credit including three book chapters. He has also published three books with International Standard Book Number (ISBN). Apart from being a chemistry researcher, he is actively engaged in communicating science to the non-expert audience.

Mr. I. Shaikh has dedicated most of his time in sharing information about scientific issues such as climate change, pollution, etc and brought about sound evidence to bear in a policy debates. He helps public in general to make sense of complex scientific issues, such as the geoengineering, SciTechEnggMaths for Sustainability.

He holds honorary and some paid memberships at several national and international learned organizations dedicated to chemistry and science in general. His intention to conduct educational activities and pursue practice oriented consultancy and research is noteworthy. He hopes to get this opportunity to develop his career and careers of others into this unique desired field in his own unique way. In India, for example, he has recently founded Razak Institution of Skills, Education and Research – a registered charity and also the Consortium of Higher Education, Research and Entrepreneurial Sustainable Development. He thinks that the intelligentsia at universities will make human resource competitive for independent higher education professionalism, cutting-edge research and also for generating non-traditional careers or entrepreneurship while securing the integrity, accessibility, and stewardship of knowledge in the modern digital age and life paraphernalia. His contribution to science and promoting scientific evidence on matters of public interests is noteworthy.

In his opinion, graduate education is when students find out what they are capable of, what they can contribute, and why they are here. Mr. Isak Shaikh exemplifies how the knowledge cherishes up the human culture, bound us unite and make us think in unique way. He believes that (university) education provides students with the aforementioned understanding and the development of their character along with specialized study curriculum.

Mr. Isak Shaikh, despite the forced career breaks and redundancy, untiringly imparted important life lessons to the enthusiastic and fresh research students and he, himself, has always been active in the community as well. He teaches the approach of problem solving in a successful way. He is chosen as the recipient of honorary doctorate degree not only because he has studied at various higher education institutions and served various research laboratories worldwide...but because he has made a difference on a global scale and he is still busy making a personal career contribution to his manifold missions in leading-edge research, graduate education and personality transformation or evolution.

Firm and unyielding as he is when necessity compel him to be, Mr. Isak Shaikh is by nature a peace-maker, and is always ready to solve personal differences, and will if necessary sacrifice his own preferences for the good of all. In his efforts to this end, he always refrain becoming bitter person in spite of receiving unfair treatment, career breaks, bigotry or incidents like harassments by supervisors at research institutions. He practises modesty and prefers to stay away from the media and news headlines. The dedicated efforts to further his career over a timeline can be read from

Sir John Maddox Prize will  be intended to honour Mr. Isak R. Shaikh who is widely recognized for (one or more of) the following:

a.      Outstanding and sustained excellence in his area of expertise;

b.     Noteworthy social responsibility and significant scientific contributions locally, nationally, and globally;

c.      Achievement of eminence in his field of study or contribution during his career;

d.     Exceptionally distinguished scholar for his notable achievement

His never-give-up attitude and strong character fight for the right and consequently serve the society with high standard of ethics and democratic values.

Signatures /-

(Nominators)                                                                           Courtesy: senseaboutscience dot org and Esq. Isak Rajjak Shaikh)

A quote: “What lies behind us and what lies before us are tiny matters compared to what lies within us” - Oliver Wendell Holmes

===Sustainable Development===

==Honours and awards==

*2015: Doctor of Philosophy (Honoris Causa)

*2009: Member of the Royal Society of Chemistry.<ref name=MRSCTimes/>


[1]. Patent application: Isak Rajjak Shaikh* (2014), Method of Preparing Microporous Aluminosilicate ZSM-5 Zeolite from……Agricultural Waste Stream and …Industrial Waste and Some Applications of This Zeolite as Heterogeneous Catalyst in .... Organic Transformations. CBR No. 4713; Ordinary Indian Patent Application Number: 1104/MUM/2014

[2]. Patent application: Isak Rajjak Shaikh* (2015-2016), Catalyzed Synthesize ... from A Syngas Feedstock Process, CBR No. 4726; Ordinary Indian Patent Application Number: 11049/MUM/2015.

[3]. Patent application: Isak Rajjak Shaikh * (2014-2015) Microporous Aluminosilicate ZSM-5 Zeolite from……Agricultural Waste Stream and …Industrial Waste and Some Applications of This Zeolite as Heterogeneous Catalyst in…Transformations, CBR No. 4726.